Below are resources that allow you to examine trends related to crime. Listed first are several interactive websites that allow you to view the number, type, and location of various crimes and criminal offenders. Other sites provide statistics related to crime, violence, juvenile justice, guns, and public safety by locality. Listed last are databases of scholarly studies pertinent to crime.
PolicyMap — This site is a web-based interface, much like Social Explorer, but it draws from a wider base of government data. Beyond the Census and the American Community Survey, you will also be able to map variables pertaining to health, income, labor, education, and so forth.
SpotCrime — This website allows you to plot crime incidents around the city. Customize your map by type of crime and time period.
Richmond Times-Dispatch Data-Center Crime Stats — An overview of crime statistics for cities and counties in the Commonwealth.
Richmond Times-Dispatch Data-Center Homicide Report — Map and research homicides in Richmond and Central Virginia by searching the Homicide Report database and archive. Search for murders that occurred from January 2007 to the present.
Richmond Times-Dispatch Data-Center Robberies Report — View time, date, and location of reported robberies in the metropolitan area.
FBI Uniform Crime Reports (from the RTD Data-Center) — View the monthly counts of crimes in any city — including violent crime offenses (murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault), and property crime offenses (burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson).
FBI Hate Crime Reports (from the RTD Data-Center) — View a database that compiles the latest figures on bias-motivated crimes in the FBI’s 2009 Hate Crime Statistics report.
Protective Order Reports (from the RTD Data-Center) — The Virginia General Assembly in 2011 passed a law allowing greater access to protective orders from Virginia courts. Since the law went into effect on July 1, the number of emergency protective orders and full protective orders has skyrocketed. This database allows you to search for the number of protective orders issued by individual local courts or by multiple court districts.
Gun Sales (from the RTD Data-Center) — View statistics on gun sales throughout the commonwealth.
Urban Institute, Prisoner Re-Entry Study — Though a bit old, this is a thorough and illuminating study of the impact of offender re-entry on communities. It focuses on the state of Virginia and includes maps of offender re-entry in Richmond that can’t be found elsewhere — e.g., the relationship of poverty and unemployment, on the one hand, and re-entry, on the other.
Sentencing Project, Interactive State Map — View statistics on incarceration and state and federal policies on both incarceration and ex-offenders. There is also an interactive state map that has statistics for particular states on the jail and prison population, racial disparities, and incarceration expenditures, plus more.
Commonwealth of Virginia, Sex Offender Registry — This state site plots the location of registered sex offenders and provides information on their offenses.
Map of Crime and Liquor Outlet Locations by Census Tract, 2004 — Click on this link to download a map of crime and liquor establishments around the city. The data is a bit dated, so use to compare neighborhoods rather than for absolute numbers of crime and liquor establishments within neighborhoods.
Crime in Virginia – This is an annual report on crime in Virginia, including information on crime in Richmond. It provides information on types of crime, characteristics of crime victims and offenders, number of police, and arrest totals.
Crime Incident Information – Richmond Police Department – This site collects statistics on crime by type, neighborhood, Census tract, and housing type.
Kids Count Data Center — A site put together by the Annie E. Casey Foundation, Kids Count includes a variety of indicators that track demographics, education, economic well-being, family and community well-being, health, safety, and more. This link will take you to Virginia and community-level data. To see data for Richmond, click on the button that says “Community-Level Profiles” and search for Richmond City under “Counties” not “Cities” (counterintuitive, I know).
Social Science Full Text – This database contains scholarly research on the cultural, social, and political behaviors of people. This resource has studies about crime, effects of crime on individuals and the community, effects of having a criminal record, and more.
PsycINFO – This searchable database provides scholarly research on the psychological effects of crime on victims and offenders, studies in treatment of offenders and treatment of victims.