Schools and Academic Achievement


If you are interested in learning more on the issue of education reform, including what has been done before and what is going on right now under Obama’s reconsideration of No Child Left Behind, CQ Researcher is a terrific beginning sources.

On No Child Left Behind and Race to the Top:

  • Kenneth Jost, “Revising No Child Left Behind: Can Obama’s Blueprint Fix Bush’s Education Policies?” (2010) *
  • Marcia Clemmitt, “Fixing Urban Schools: Has No Child Left Behind Helped Minority Students?” (2007, updated 2010) *
  • Marcia Clemmitt, “School Reform: Should Evaluations of Teachers Rest on Students’ Test Scores?” (2011) *

On recent efforts to achieve greater integration (and a discussion of Raleigh/Wake County):

  • Kenneth Jost, “Racial Diversity in Public Schools: Has the Supreme Court Dealt a Blow to Integration?” (2007, updated 2010) *

Eric Hanushek, John Kain, and Steven Rivkin, “New Evidence about Brown v. Board of Education: The Complex Effects of School Racial Composition on Achievement” *

Karolyn Tyson, William Darity, Jr., and Domini Castellino, “It’s Not ‘a Black Thing’: Understanding the Burden of Acting White and Other Dilemmas of High Achievement” *

John Ogbu, “Collective Identity and the Burren of ‘Acting White’ in Black History, Community, and Education” *

Adam Fairclough, “The Costs of Brown: Black Teachers and School Integration” *

Annette Lareau, “Social Class Differences in Family-School Relationships: The Importance of Cultural Capital” *

Patricia Edwards, “Before and After School Desegregation: African-American Parents’ Involvement in Schools” *

The Twentieth Century Foundation has done a number of studies of racial and class segregation in the public school system.  I especially recommend:

Richard Kahlenberg, “Can Separate Be Equal?”  (Century Foundation, 2004)

Richard Kahlenberg, “Turnaround Schools That Work: Moving Beyond Separate But Equal”  (Century Foundation, 2009)

Both of these you can find on the TCF’s site.  If you are interested in education policy, the Education Sector also has interesting and useful studies pertaining to education reform.

Mary Pattillo, “Remedies to ‘Educational Malpractice’” * This chapter from Pattillo’s bookBlack on the Block analyzes the travails of Chicago education reformers who try to open a mixed income charter school in a neighborhood that is rapidly gentrifying.  They want to serve the neighborhood children with a challenging, college prep curriculum and attract middle-class families to put their children to the school.  The idea is to truly integrate the insiders (long-time residents) with the outsiders (residents who are gentrifying the neighborhood).  Their struggles to bring the two groups together are illustrative of the on-the-ground challenges to remedying the disadvantages of class through education.

James Ryan, “Don’t Cross That Line” *

Signithia Fordham and John Ogbu, “Black Student’ School Success: Coping with the ‘Burden of ‘Acting White’’” *



Header Image: A view of the Richmond skyline.